archetype |ˈärk(i)ˌtīp| noun
a very typical example of a certain person or thing : the book is a perfect
archetype of the genre. See note at model .
• an original that has been imitated : the archetype of faith is Abraham.
• a recurrent symbol or motif in literature, art, or mythology :
mythological archetypes of good and evil.
• Psychoanalysis (in Jungian psychology)
a primitive mental image inherited from the earliest human ancestors, and supposed to be present in the collective unconscious.
ORIGIN mid 16th cent.: via Latin from Greek arkhetupon
‘something molded first as a model,’ from arkhe- ‘primitive’ +
tupos ‘a model.’
a short description of a book, movie, or other product written for promotional purposes and appearing on the cover of
a book or in an advertisement.
verb [ trans. ] informal
write or contribute such a passage for (a book, movie, or other product).
early 20th cent.: coined by Gelett Burgess (died 1951), American humorist.
metaphysics |ˌmetəˈfiziks| |ˈˈmɛdəˈˈfɪzɪks| |mɛtəˈfɪzɪks|
plural noun [usu. treated as sing. ]
the branch of philosophy that deals with the
first principles of things, including abstract concepts such as being, knowing, substance, cause, identity, time, and space.
• abstract theory or talk with no basis in reality : his concept of society as an organic entity is, for market liberals,
Metaphysics has two main strands: that which holds that what exists
lies beyond experience (as argued by Plato), and that which holds that objects of experience constitute the only reality (as
argued by Kant, the logical positivists, and Hume). Metaphysics has also concerned itself with a discussion of whether what
exists is made of one substance or many, and whether what exists is inevitable or driven by chance.
ORIGIN mid 16th cent.: representing medieval Latin metaphysica (neuter plural), based on Greek
ta meta ta phusika ‘the things after the Physics,’ referring to the sequence of Aristotle's
works: the title came to denote the branch of study treated in the books, later interpreted as meaning [the science of things
transcending what is physical or natural.]
1 of or relating to metaphysics : the essentially metaphysical question of the nature of the mind.
• based on abstract (typically, excessively abstract) reasoning : an empiricist rather than a metaphysical view of
transcending physical matter or the laws of nature : Good and Evil are inextricably
linked in a metaphysical battle across space and time.
or characteristic of the metaphysical poets.
a three-dimensional representation of a person or thing or of a proposed structure, typically on a smaller scale
than the original : a model of St. Paul's Cathedral | [as adj. ] a model airplane.
• (in sculpture) a figure or object made in clay or wax, to be reproduced in another more durable material.
2 a system or thing used as an example to follow or imitate : the law became a model for dozens
of laws banning nondegradable plastic products | [as adj. ] a model farm.
• a simplified description, esp. a mathematical one, of a system or process, to assist calculations and predictions :
a statistical model used for predicting the survival rates of endangered species.
model of) a person or thing regarded as an excellent example of a specified quality : as she grew older, she
became a model of self-control | [as adj. ] he was a model husband and father.
modeler |ˈmädl-ər| |ˈmɑdlər| noun
ORIGIN late 16th cent. (denoting a set of plans of a building): from French modelle, from Italian
modello, from an alteration of Latin modulus (see modulus ).
1 a repeated decorative design : a neat blue herringbone pattern.
• an arrangement or sequence regularly found in comparable objects or events : the house had been built on the usual
• a regular and intelligible form or sequence discernible in certain
actions or situations : a complicating factor is the change in working patterns.
2 a model or design used as a guide in needlework and other crafts.• a set of instructions to be followed in making a sewn or knitted item.
• a wooden or metal model from which a mold is made for a casting.
• an example for others to follow : he set the pattern for subsequent study.
• a sample of cloth or wallpaper.
verb [ trans. ]
1 [usu. as adj. ] ( patterned) decorate with a recurring design : rosebud patterned
wallpapers | violet-tinged flowers patterned the grassy banks.
ORIGIN Middle English patron [something serving as a model,] from Old French (see patron
). The change in sense is from the idea of a patron giving an example to be copied. Metathesis in the second syllable
occurred in the 16th cent. By 1700 patron ceased to be used of things, and the two forms became differentiated in
Shema (s̸hə mä′)
a declaration of the basic principle of Jewish belief, proclaiming the absolute unity of God
Etymology: < Heb shma < shma yisroel, Hear, O Israel (the opening words): see Deut. 6:4-9
(Webster's New World College Dictionary Copyright © 2005 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio. Used by
arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)